Fair of the British Pottery & Glass Manufacturers
AE Gray’s stand at the 1915 or, more likely, the 1914* Stoke Fair.
The only label that can be read is the one on the table at the front: [Old Chelsea (possibly pattern 593)]. The other three labels are illegible.
Identifiable patterns are: The teacup on the left of the small table looks to be this unnumbered pattern, on a bone china shape.
Georgian pattern 743: the water jug and basin (middle shelf, extreme right)
Jacobean pattern 427 or 576: jug & basin (middle shelf, left); tea & dinner ware (lower shelf, left)
[The landscape pattern plate] (middle shelf, towards centre) is almost certainly the 9″ plate signed CB Wood and which has the rare acorn backstamp known to have been used with Hardwicke pattern 829.
The filled bulb bowl on the lower shelf is probably the shape design registered by AE Gray with the Patent Office, number 610383, in January 1913.
*The logic for attributing 1914, rather than 1915, is the absence of any Sèvres Marbling pattern which was especially noted in the 1915 Fair report.
2nd British Pottery & Glass Fair
Although a black & white illustration, this version of Sèvres Marbling is expected to be pattern 958 with a black upper ‘marbled’ section and a pink-enamelled rose and leaf lithograph below. See the Named patterns section for more detail.
Notes:Here is a range of pots of pattern 958 incorporating the Sèvres Marbling motif and which is Registered Design No 646904: the relevant Design Index page is shown. The tall vase has the Mappin & Webb retailer’s mark. Many of the pots with this design often have a suffix to the pattern number: the tall square-section vase has 1523 and the ‘cooling tower’ vase has S6. These are probably shape references.
4th British Industries Fair
The text of the article (left) reads:
A. E. Gray & Co., Ltd., of Glebe Works, Hanley, have favoured us with the accompanying photograph of their stand at the British Industries Fair, which arrived too late for inclusion in our last issue. It fully illustrates the advantage of the open stand for exhibition purposes, the blending of artistic shades of decoration being par- ticularly well accomplished. The Royal purchases are indicated by labels in the left-hand island case.
5th British Industries Fair
The additional rectangular mark may be associated with the Manchester china and glass retailer HG Stephenson Ltd, the company for whom AE Gray worked prior to setting-up his pottery business.
7th British Industries Fair
9th British Industries Fair
1923 British Institute of Industrial Art - Exhibition of Industrial Art
Facsimile entries from the catalogue of exhibits (pp 15-18) at the British Institute of Industrial Art’s Exhibition of Industrial Art Today held in the North Court of the Victoria & Albert Museum, Sept/Oct 1923. Courtesy the Victoria & Albert Museum and RIBA Collections.
Case No 95
Names highlighted in yellow are names known to be Gray’s Pottery employees at some time in their lives. Alice Jones (née Hancock) transferred to the Susie Cooper pottery when it was set-up in 1929. Hilda May Lockett was undoubtedly a fine artist and her signature, a form of the letters H, M and L, can often be seen on grander pieces of Gray’s lustre ware of the 1920s.
|A.||Bowl, by Mary I. Royle|
|B.||Bowl, decorated with conventional bands in blue and grey.|
|C.||Bowl, by G. Jones.|
|D.||Vase with fine white body decorated in deep blue.|
|E.||Vase with four panels containing conventional flowers.|
|F.||Vase with Persian tree design.|
|G.||Bowl, designed and executed by H. Hallam.|
|H.||Bowl, designed and executed by Hilda F. Ferris.|
|I.||Bowl, designed and executed by Alice Wright.|
|J.||Bowl, designed and executed by G. Jones.|
|K.||Lustre plate, designed and executed by Hilda Brammer.|
|L.||Vase with blue iris and yellow volute decoration.|
|M.||Bowl, designed and executed by E. Saunders.|
|N.||Vase with incised decoration.|
|O.||Vase, designed and executed by Cecil Smith.|
|P.||Plate, designed and executed by L. Davies.|
|Q.||Vase, designed and executed by Millicent Taplin.|
|R.||Plate, designed and executed by C. Smith.|
|S.||White vase with blue Persian design.|
|T.||Vase, designed and executed by W. Ruxoe.|
|U.||Bowl, designed and executed by D. Aldersen.|
|V.||Dish, designed and executed by Vera Taylor.|
|W.||Wax coloured pot with raised black decoration.|
|X.||Bowl, designed and executed by E. R. Owen.|
|Y.||Bowl, designed and executed by Mary I. Royle.|
|Z.||Plate, designed and executed by Laura Stone.|
|AA.||Yellow pot with incised decoration.|
|BB.||Vase, designed and executed by Alice Hancock.|
|CC.||Vase with lid.|
|DD.||Large shallow bowl decorated in blue-grey and green.|
|EE.||Vase, designed and executed by Wm. H. Bell.|
|FF.||Vase, designed and executed by A. Fieldhouse.|
|GG.||Vase decorated with conventional rose sprays.|
|HH.||Vase, designed and executed by A. Fieldhouse.|
|II.||Covered vase, designed and executed by N. Hughes.|
|JJ.||Plate, designed and executed by Nellie Mallett.|
|KK.||Vase, designed and executed by Nellie Hughes.|
|LL.||Vase, designed and executed by Elizabeth Roberts.|
|MM.||Ivory coloured vase with blue incised decoration.|
|NN.||Jug, designed and executed by Hilda May Lockett.|
|OO.||Plate, designed and executed by Winifred M. Emberton.|
|PP.||Lustrous dish in claret and indigo.|
|QQ.||Vase, designed and executed by C. Smith.|
|RR.||Plate, designed and executed by Nellie Smith.|
|SS.||Pot with raised decoration.|
|TT.||Vase with cover.|
|UU.||Bowl, designed and executed by Alice Hancock.|
|VV.||Plate, designed and executed by Hilda Davies.|
|WW.||Pale blue vase with dark blue raised decoration.|
|XX.||Bowl, designed and executed by Taylor.|
|YY.||Plate, designed and executed by E. Jones.|
|ZZ.||Jug, designed and executed by Gladys M. Oldersen.|
A to ZZ, by students of the Stoke and Burslem Schools of Art under the supervision of Gordon Forsyth.
Case No 125
The case containing the bulk of Gray’s Pottery exhibits. Unfortunately, no images of the pots have come-to-light and it is therefore impossible to know which designs were displayed. Letters missing in the sequence relate to other companies’ products.
|I.||Examples from dinner, tea and coffee services, with gold band and floral decoration, designed and executed by A.E.Gray & Co., Ltd.|
|J.||Examples from dinner and tea services, floral decoration, designed and executed by A.E.Gray & Co., Ltd.|
|K.||Small tea plate, coffee cup and tea cup floral decoration, designed and executed by A.E.Gray & Co., Ltd.|
|L.||Examples from tea and dinner services, designed and executed by A.E.Gray & Co., Ltd.|
|M.||Examples from tea and dinner services, designed and executed by A.E.Gray & Co., Ltd.|
|N.||Small bowl decorated with lustre, fruit design, executed by A.E.Gray & Co., Ltd.|
|O.||Small bowl decorated with lustre, conventional floral design, executed by A.E.Gray & Co., Ltd.|
|P.||Jug decorated with lustre, design of fruit, executed by A.E.Gray & Co., Ltd.|
|Q.||Bowl decorated with lustre, design of fruit, executed by A.E.Gray & Co., Ltd.|
|R.||Honey jar, decorated with conventional design in pink lustre, by A.E.Gray & Co., Ltd.|
|S.||Examples from tea and dinner services decorated with conventional design in lustre, by A.E.Gray & Co., Ltd.|
|W.||Cup and saucer decorated with lustre, design of fruit, by A.E.Gray & Co., Ltd.|
|X.||Vegetable dish and plate yellow band decoration, by A.E.Gray & Co., Ltd.|
|Y.||Teapot decorated lustre, design of fruit, by A.E.Gray & Co., Ltd.|
Rooms on the West Side
Furniture displays, Nos 209 and 236.
|209||Kitchen dresser with shelves over, designed by E.W. Hardy, executed by G.Hardy & Co.|
|A.B.||Two hand decorated jugs, designed and executed by A.E.Gray & Co., Ltd.|
|C.||Cup and saucer by Bishop & Stonier.|
|D.||Examples of kitchen jars by Lancaster & Son.|
|236||Suite of furniture in walnut, with waxed finish, designed by C.A.Richter and executed by The Bath Guild of Handicraft and Design.|
|A.||Chest of drawers.|
|C.||Dressing table with mirror.|
|D.||Chair with cane seat.|
|E.||Four-fold screen, covered in needlework.|
|F. to K.||Six hangings, by Wm. Foxton and F.W.Grafton & Co.|
|L.||Hand decorated ewer and basin, by A.E.Gray & Co., Ltd.|
|M.||Torfyn rug, designed by R. D. Simpson, executed by The Scottish Folk Fabrics.|
|N.||Stencilled colour print, by James A. Found.|
10th British Industries Fair
1924 British Empire Exhibition
11th & 12th British Industries Fairs
British Institute of Industrial Art - Autumn Exhibition
Facsimile entries from the catalogue of exhibits (pp 35, 36, 48, 54, 55, 58, 91) at the British Institute of Industrial Art’s Autumn Exhibition of Industrial Art held in the North Court of the Victoria & Albert Museum, Nov/Dec 1929. Courtesy RIBA Collections.
The only identified pattern is the nursery pattern 7742 (item 147B), named Quadrupeds (see below). Items 147C and 200BB suggest bespoke named patterns: 5384, 7238, 7905 and 8038 are examples of this type. Unfortunately, no images exist of the items on display.
The headings relate to specific areas of the Exhibition. Numbers and/or letters missing in the sequence relate to other companies’ products.
|FOR THE SLENDER PURSE|
|147B||A. E. Gray & Co. Ltd||Porridge Bowl and plate (‘Quadruped Nursery Ware’ – see below). Designed by Susie Cooper. Each 1s. 6d.|
|147C||A. E. Gray & Co. Ltd||Porridge Bowl and Plate (‘John’) Porridge Bowl. 1s. 9d. Plate 1s. 7½d.|
|148C||A. E. Gray & Co. Ltd||Flower Pot for MacFisheries. 8s. 3d.|
|Table 200 etc.|
|200Z||A. E. Gray & Co. Ltd||Pieces from Breakfast and Dinner services. Designed by Susie Cooper. Plate (10 ins.), 1s. 2d. Jug, 2s. 6d. Cup and Saucer, 1s. 6d. Vegetable dish, 7s. 6d. Plate (6 in.), 1s.|
|200AA||A. E. Gray & Co. Ltd||Household Jar. Designed by Susie Cooper. 1s. 9d.|
|200BB||A. E. Gray & Co. Ltd||Mug ‘Peter.’ 1s. 6d.|
|200CC||A. E. Gray & Co. Ltd||Banded Cream Service. Plate (10 ins.), 1s. 3d. Vegetable Dish, 6s. 9d. Handled Beaker, 1s. 6d. Jug, 3s. 3d.|
|200DD||A. E. Gray & Co. Ltd||Household Jar. Designed by Susie Cooper. 2s. 6d.|
|200EE||A. E. Gray & Co. Ltd||Cigarette Box. (Silver Lustre and Blue.) 5s. 3d. Ash Tray, 10½d.|
|200FF||A. E. Gray & Co. Ltd||Tea Set. (Lavender and Silver Lustre.) Cream Jug, 2s. 3d.; Sugar Bowl, 2s. 3d.; Plate, 1s. 7d.; Tea Pot, 5s. 7d.; Tea Cup and Saucer, 2s. 11d. Note: possibly pattern 8115.|
|290A||A. E. Gray & Co. Ltd||Hors d’Oeuvre Set. Designed by Susie Cooper. £1 7s.|
|300A||A. E. Gray & Co. Ltd||Child’s Tea Set in decorated box. Designed by Susie Cooper. 14s.
|343B||A. E. Gray & Co. Ltd||Tea and Dinner Services (Orange Band and Black Spots). Dinner Plate, 1s.; Cheese Plate, 9d.; Cup and Saucer, 1s. 1d.; Tea Pot, 3s. 9d.; Sugar Bowl, 1s. 3d.; Cream Jug, 1s. 3d.|
|508A||A. E. Gray & Co. Ltd||Tea Service : Tea Pot, 5s. 3d.; Cup and Saucer 1s. 10d.; Plate, 1s. 1d.; Sugar Bowl, 1s. 8d.; Cream Jug, 1s. 8d.; Dutch Jug, 3s.|
|Page 91||Gray, A.E. & Co. Ltd.||Covered Dish, Teapot and Plate in brush decoration, painted overglaze.
Covered Dish and Two Plates, decorated in brushwork and lustre.
Ewer and Basin, lustre decoration.
Two Jugs, decorated overglaze.
Two Bowls, decorated in brushwork and lustre.
Three Oblong Plaques, designed by Gordon Forsyth.
* A report on the work of the British Institute of Industrial Art 1919-24 (RIBA Archives ref BIIA/22/9), has a list in Appendix II (pp 59/60) of works included in the Institute’s Permanent Collection. Under ceramics, the entry for A.E. Gray & Co Ltd is a list of six examples of pottery and lustreware. Note that the pottery plaques are kept for an ‘indefinite period’, rather than on ‘permanent loan’.
Barker's store - Modern Pottery Exhibition
JH Awmack Ltd
Transcript of the article
November 2, 1931. THE POTTERY GAZETTE AND GLASS TRADE REVIEW.
AMONGST THE CHINA AND GLASS SHOPS
It was our very great pleasure a few weeks ago to have the opportunity of visiting and inspecting the newly completed china and glass emporium of the firm of J. H. Awmack, Ltd., situated in The Headrow, Leeds, and it is equally our pleasure to be able to put before readers of THE POTTERY GAZETTE AND GLASS TRADE REVIEW a number of impressive photographic illustrations, which are likely to give rise in many quarters to some deep thinking.
We ought, perhaps, to explain at the commencement of our remarks that this recent visit of ours to Leeds was one that was quite definitely planned; there was nothing that was casual or accidental about it. We had been hearing on all sides during the early months of the present year glowing reports concerning a marvellous new establishment which was rapidly growing to completion in England’s fifth largest provincial city; and so unmistakable was the interest that was being manifested, and so frequent and definite the references to what was regarded as “a wonderful venture,” that we decided, after we had satisfied ourselves that the new premises were at last in full swing, to journey northwards in order that we might investigate conditions for ourselves on the spot.
It is almost unnecessary to add that we had many times previously been in Leeds, and that we were not by any means unfamiliar with the name and standing in the retail trade of J. H. Awmack, Ltd. But we had traditionally associated this name with an address in New Briggate-premises that we recalled to mind in connection with visits paid to them many years ago. It was a trifle difficult, therefore, for us to think of ” Awmacks, of Leeds,” in association with a new-sounding address; and particularly one that we had always thought of in years gone by as a narrowish, and perhaps not too interesting, thoroughfare, by no means to be compared, at one time, with the two leading shopping streets of Leeds (Briggate and Boar Lane).
But, to get down to business, Leeds has been ” looking up ” during recent years, and some remarkable improvements are being made in the redesigning of the city thoroughfares. For a long time past it has been evident to anyone who has given the matter serious thought that the time would arrive when, in the progressive march, some serious alterations would have to be made in certain congested parts of the city, and notably in the neighbourhood of New Briggate, at a prominent corner of which stood the old premises of J. H. Awmack Ltd., upon a site which had been held by them for close upon half a century. Sure enough the day arrived when the Corporation decided that this particular corner must be (continues)